See the IRC section in the CommunityAndContact wiki page on the Replicant wiki for more details on how IRC is used.
How to make someone operator temporarily¶
/mode #replicant +o <nickname>
/mode #replicant +o GNUtoo
How to make someone operator automatically¶
To get the help on Freenode, and with irssi, you could use:
/query ChanServ HELP FLAGS
- The Infrastructure page on the Replicant wiki has many information on the IRC channel(s) too.